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中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

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  核心提示:2019年12月7日,第四屆中國-國際器官捐獻大會暨“一帶一路”器官捐獻國際合作發展論壇中國器官捐獻與移植發展研讨會在昆明舉行。受中國器官移植發展基金會邀請,包括我囯在内的30多個國家的移植、倫理與神...
2019年12月7日,第四屆中國-國際器官捐獻大會暨“一帶一路”器官捐獻國際合作發展論壇中國器官捐獻與移植發展研讨會在昆明舉行。受中國器官移植發展基金會邀請,包括我囯在内的30多個國家的移植、倫理與神經科的100多名專家參加了本次研讨會。其中還包括世界衛生組織器官移植特别工作委員會、國際移植協會等國際權威機構及權威人士。

Symposiumon the development of organ donation and transplantation of China was successfully held in Kunming on Dec.7,2019.Invited by the China Organ Transplant Development Foundation, over 100 experts from more than 30 countries attending the China-International Organ Donation Congress &"Belt and Road" International Cooperation and Development Forum on Organ Donation attended the seminar and delivered speeches. The participants included members of the task force on organ transplantation of the World Health Organization, The Transplantation Society, and other international transplant scieties.

器官移植技術旨在拯救器官功能衰竭患者的生命,但一些帶有政治企圖的境外反華組織,卻頻頻在這一充滿大愛的領域對中國器官捐獻與移植進行無端指責、污蔑甚至造謠。今年以來,他們又出新花樣,将政治抹黑手段滲透進學術領域,别有用心地推出所謂“學術論文”,诋毀中國器官捐獻與移植事業近年來取得的巨大成就。

Human organ transplant technology is to save the lives of patients with organ failure, but some overseas anti-China political organizations frequently make groundless accusations, slander, and rumors for China's organ donation and transplantation, in which field is full of great love. Since the start of this year, they have made new tricks to infiltrate the political field into academic field by ulteriorly launching so-called "academic papers", to discredit China's great achievements in organ donation and transplantation in recent years.

國内外專家是如何看待這些謠言的?中國的器官捐獻與移植事業又獲得了國際器官移植權威機構專家怎樣的評價?今天,無邪君帶你一起去會場了解!

How Chinese and international experts view these rumors?How international experts think about China’s organ donation and transplantation? Now, let me take you to The 4th China-International Organ Donation Conference to check out.

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

△第四屆中國-國際器官捐獻大會暨“一帶一路”器官捐獻國際合作發展論壇現場(The 4th China-International Organ Donation Congress & "Belt and Road" International Cooperation and Development Forum)

中外專家學者共批謠言的不可信

Chinese and foreign experts criticized the unreliable rumors

一個散布多年的謠言

從2006年開始,别有用心的反華組織一直無端攻擊中國器官捐獻與移植事業。他們甚至妄稱“中國每年有6萬至10萬例器官移植”,絕大多數來自所謂“良心犯”。

rumors:Some anti-China political organizations frequently attack China organ donation and transplantation. They even falsely claiming that "there are 60,000 to 100,000 organ transplantation in China every year", and those organs are harvested from the so-called  “Prisoner of conscience”.

一個不容置疑的真相

實際上,每位術後患者都需要終身服用免疫抑制劑,術後藥物是有據可查的。按照國際公開免疫抑制劑市場銷售數據,中國免疫抑制劑銷售占世界市場份額的8%左右,與世界衛生組織公布的中國器官移植數量占全球比例相符。目前每年全世界的器官移植數量也隻有10萬例,謠言造假數據之荒謬可見一斑。

Facts: Infact, every postoperative patient needs to take immunosuppressant for a lifetime, and postoperative drugs are well documented. According to the international open immunosuppressant market sales data, China's immunosuppressant sales account for about 8% of the world market share; this is in line with the proportion of organ transplants in China published by the World Health Organization. Only 100,000 organ transplants were performed per year worldwide. Outright data fraud is clear.

其實,用腳趾頭想想就知道這樣的說法是多麽荒唐可笑。如果真像反華分子說的那樣每年有10萬人人間蒸發,這些人的家屬、朋友、同學、同事不會不知道,一人一口唾沫,也在網上吵翻天了,怎麽可能不被人們所察覺?一切表明,謠言隻不過是某些别有用心的反華組織的信口雌黃和肆意污蔑,其根本目的不過是要破壞中國的國際形象,遏制中國的快速發展。

To be frankly, think about it with your toes you’ll know how ridiculous the rumor is. If there are 100,000 people disappeared, their families, friends,classmates,and colleagues definitely know that. How their relatives and friends can said nothing on the internet and social media? THESE are nothing but totally rumor fabricated, with their ultimate purpose on everything shows that the rumors are nothing but the rhetoric and wanton slander of some ulterior motives of anti-China organizations. Their fundamental purpose is to discredit China's international image and curb China's rapid development.

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

△中國器官捐獻與移植發展研讨會現場(Symposium on the development of organ donation and transplantation of China)

針對今年以來反華分子再次诋毀中國器官捐獻與移植事業的雜音,中國人體器官分配與共享計算機系統主任王海波用事實予以回擊。他在研讨會現場介紹了COTRS系統(我國器官分配系統)的情況并展示了其運行過程,同時在征得家屬同意的情況下,用3個真實案例回溯了他們的器官是如何通過COTRS系統進行分配的,以公開透明的事實證明反華分子制造的謊言是多麽荒唐可笑。

In response to anti-China slandering on China organdonation and transplantation. Wang Haibo, director of China Organ Transplant Response System, fights back with facts. At the forum, he introduced COTRS and its working process. 3 real cases, with the consent of family members, was used to retraces how their organs are distributed through COTRS.

黃潔夫

中國人體器官捐獻與移植委員會主任委員

中國器官移植發展基金會理事長

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“針對11月14日英國醫學委員會《醫學倫理》期刊發表以色列所謂“學者”的文章,污蔑中國器官捐獻的數據是數學公式生成的。該文章違反了基本的科學常識,漏洞百出,引起中國和國際器官移植界的廣泛質疑。我要告訴他,作爲一個心髒器官移植醫生,應該多花一些時間治療心髒病人,不要說那些連自己都不相信的話,但我還是想說,中國有句俗話,“你永遠叫不醒一個裝睡的人”,他今天可能講方程式,明天也可能又講一個天文數字給你。所以不要在乎,我相信謠言止于智者。”

Huang Jiefu (Chairman of China human organdonation and Transplantation Committee and President of China organ transplantation Development Foundation):"On Nov14, British Medical Association published an article wrote by an Israel so-called "scollar", on BMC Ethics. The article violates basic scientific common sense and is full of loopholes,causing widespread doubt from China and the international organ transplantation community. I have to tell the author, As a heart organ transplant doctor, he should spend more time treating people with heart disease, don't say things that even yourself don't believe. There is an idioms in China said that, you can never wake up a person who pretends to sleep. He may talk about equations today, and tomorrow he will tell you another astronomical figure. We don’t care these ridiculous rumors. The rumor always stop at wise men."

一小撮反華勢力對中國的肆意誣蔑是不得人心的。自2007年《人體器官移植條例》頒布以來,中國移植事業走向法治化道路。中國對從事器官移植的醫院及醫生實行嚴格的資質管理,目前共有173家醫院獲得移植資質。中國積極開展器官移植領域國際學術交流,禁止“旅遊移植”。嚴厲打擊移植領域中違法違規的情況,嚴懲涉案機構和人員,頂格進行行政處罰。特别是2017年以來,公安部門開展專案打擊行動,破獲多起組織出賣人體器官案件。相關部門對有關涉案醫務人員依法依規進行處罰。中國政府行得正,走得正,事實就是事實,全世界都會知道。我們将不斷推動中國器官捐獻與移植事業的發展,使之成爲當之無愧的全球典範,這是對保障人民群衆健康權益和維護國家形象最好的貢獻,也是對謠言最強有力的反擊。

A small group of anti-Chinese forces acts of defiling China will never win the people’s trust. China's transplantation has been on the road of legalization, since the promulgation of regulation on organ transplantation in 2007. China implements strict qualification management for hospitals and doctors engaged in organ transplantation. Currently, 173 hospitals have obtained transplant qualifications. China actively carries out international academic exchanges in the field of organ transplantation and prohibits"transplant tourism". China have cracked down on the crimimals in the violation of laws and regulations in the field of transplantation, punished the institutions and personnel involved in the case, and impose maximum level administrative penalties. From 2017, the police department launched a special campaign to crack down several cases of organ trafficking. Relevant departments punished related medical personnel in accordance with laws and regulations. The Chinese government is doing the right things. Facts are always facts. We will continue to promote the development of organ donation and transplantation in China, making it a reference of global model.

郭燕紅

國家衛生健康委醫政醫管局監察專員

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“器官捐獻與移植是一個科學問題,同時還有倫理問題、法律問題,而這些問題的背後凝聚的,一是愛心,二是希望。如果有擾亂和亵渎這份愛心和希望的言論,我認爲他是對我們每一個在座的專家和不在座的專家,以及對每一個捐獻者和他的家庭的侮辱,我希望這樣的侮辱從此停止。”

Guo Yanhong(Supervision Commissioner of Medical Administration Bureau of national health and Health Commission):"Organ donation and transplantation is a scientific issue as well as ethical and legal issues. Under these this is love and hope. If this disturbs and blasphemes this loving and hopeful statement, I think it is an insult to each of our experts present and absent. I hope an end of the insult."

王海波

中國人體器官分配與共享計算機系統主任

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“我聽到這個無端指責的時候并不擔心,因爲我們COTRS系統中的每一個編号都對應的是一個真實的人。我們有26000多個捐獻者,背後就有26000多個感人的故事。”

“我們現在所面對的事實是,無論中國的專家還是世界衛生組織官員和特别委員會的專家,都面臨反華分子無休止的、持續的、多年的、系統的騷擾,這些騷擾對我們來說是非常消耗時間和精力的。我們原本有很多工作要做,比如提升器官捐獻的質量,培訓更好的醫生,但現在卻要花這個時間坐在這裏跟大家讨論完全沒有依據的指控。這些騷擾并不隻是在拖慢器官移植改革的進程,更是對那些無私的、利他的器官捐獻者的不尊重甚至是侮辱”。

“我希望大家能夠切身感受到學術被政治滲透的一種趨勢和現象,所有全球醫學的專家和科學家都應該特别的警惕這個情況。”

Wang Haibo (Director of China Organ Transplant Response System-COTRS in China):"I’m not worried about the ridicules rumor, because the data in our COTRS system is not just a data point, but a name, a true person with story and a family. There are more than 26000 donors data in system, which representing more than 26000 life stories."

"The current situation is, the Chinese, as well as international experts, including WHO officers, WHO task force members, have been relentless harassed by these systematic coordinated rumors, for years. These harassment are very consuming to all of us. We have a lots of work, to promote the quality of organ donation, to train better doctors, to save patients’ life. But now we have to spend lots of time to clarify all these nonsense accusations. These harassment is not only slowing down the progress of China’s organ transplant reform, but aslo a desprect, a insult to the altruistic donors and their family."

陳靜瑜

無錫人民醫院副院長

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“我們中國搞心肺移植的醫生爲了進入國際移植界大家庭,做了很多的努力,但一直被拒絕。外界對我們有一些誤解,根本原因是他們被謠言所誤導,甚至我本人都成了被造謠的對象。我希望各位專家能多支持中國器官移植工作,多實地看看我們究竟是怎麽做的,中國有句話,叫眼見爲實。”

Chen-Jingyu (Vice President of Wuxi People's Hospital):"In China, there are many good doctors of heart transplant. They try hard to enter the international transplantation family.While being rejected once by once. There are many misunderstanding frominternational community. Because they are all being misleading by the rumors. I hope international experts further support China in transplantation.I hope you can come to China to check it out. And there is a Chinese saying goes like that: seeing is believing."

鄭哲

國家心血管病中心副主任

中國醫學科學院阜外醫院副院長

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“我們國家一些大的心髒移植中心已經具備了國際一流的診療能力,手術成功率和長期效果均不亞于國際水平。未來我們将建立與國際接軌的合作交流機制,不斷完善心髒移植的技術規範,同時加強醫務人員的技術培訓,提高中國心髒移植的整體水平。我們真誠地歡迎廣大國際同行能夠來華交流,幫助和支持中國的器官移植事業,讓更多的患者受益。”

Zheng Zhe, (Vice Director of National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Vice President of Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College):

"In China, a number of large heart transplant centers have already incorporated world-class capabilities regarding the management of heart transplant, while comparable outcomes on transplant and long-term survival were also achieved as other top centers around the world. In the future, we will establish an international cooperative-exchange system to embrace world’s talents in heart transplant, standardize and perfect the best use of technical specifications of heart transplant, and also launch more comprehensive training programs for heart transplant, try every effort to improve the overall quality of heart transplant in China. We also invite faculties from all over the world to visit China and share their thoughts and experiences, to help and support China's organ transplantation cause, and benefit more Chinese patients."

研讨會上,國際器官移植權威專家也針對反華分子對中國器官移植與捐獻的诽謗和抹黑,進行了有力的批駁與抨擊——

Experts attending the meeting strongly refuted the defamation and rumors of organ donation and transplantation in China——

坎貝爾·弗雷澤

澳大利亞格裏菲斯大學教授

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“對中國器官捐獻與移植的所謂指控,根本沒有什麽科學依據,充滿政治動機。一些黑暗的力量在背後策動,目的是爲了阻止中國的進步,想要破壞之前已經取得的成就。”

“我相信,他們這個做法已經不是第一次,以後還會重複。但這種事情發生的越多,我們就越要做好和他們抗争的準備,把自己的焦點放在患者的身上。如果中國繼續沿着這個方向穩步前行的話,我相信中國一定能夠成爲器官移植領域的國際領導者。”

Campbell Fraser(Professor of Griffith University):"This paper on BMC, they criticize on COTRS, we already established that there is no scientific basis for the paper. This paper is a political document. This paper is just part of the coordinated dark forces that try to frustrate China progress. They are try to destroy all the work we have done."

"What they are doing now is to maintain rumors. And we are going to see that again, again, and again. The more it happened, the more we must fight against this and be patient focused. China should keep doing what they do now, that China can be the leading country on international organ transplantation."

比約恩·納山

德國移植協會前任主席

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“我現在在中國合肥工作已經有兩年時間,可以說是腳踏實地親眼見證了中國器官捐獻和移植的發展。所有信息都是非常透明的,包括數據的報告、通道、統計以及審查,都是合法合規的。”

“指控中國器官捐獻與移植的文章沒有科學基礎,隻是一個在政治上發動的攻擊,屬于科學界的不端行爲。科學應該是一個發現的過程,我們不希望它有政治化的争鬥。”

Bjorn Nashan(Past President, German Transplantation Society):"I’m working in China more than 2 years in HeFei. So I have my foot to the ground. I see what going on and I see so far is that everything is going on to the legal. Nothing is altered. They are very strict to their reporting and the filing of data, they are doing everything to assure the process is according to the law. "

"The paper accused China Organ Donation and Transplantation is not a scientific approach. This is not a scientific paper. It’s a political attack, nothing at all. Academic research shoul be a truth discovery journal, must not be a political behavior."

弗朗西斯·德爾莫尼克

世界衛生組織器官移植特别工作委員會主席

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“作爲國際社會的支持者,我們一路來看到中國改革取得的巨大成就,中國确實是做得非常好,希望這個裏程在未來能夠繼續。”

Francis Delmonico(Chairman of organ transplantation task force of WHO):"As international supporters, we can see the achievements on China reform. That a real good job. And I hope these mileage achievements can continue in the future."

南希·埃舍爾

國際移植協會前任主席

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“我們确實在社會上聽到了這樣的噪音,但我們是比較相信中國的。我們非常了解中國在過去幾年的曆史,中國現在也在進行相關的醫療改革,它在不斷進步。其實我覺得我們在反駁謠言上真的是浪費了非常多的時間,而這确實是一個子虛烏有的指控。”

Nancy Asher (immediate Past President of TTS):"In our international community, we heard noises, but we have being here several times, we really support China. We all know China history, but there is reform.Respond such incredible false paper is a waste of your time."

何塞·努涅斯

世界衛生組織器官移植項目主任

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“謠言始終是謠言,無論在世界上任何國家和地區都會出現,散播謠言者的目的可能是各不相同的,但我們沒有必要聽謠信謠,真正重要的是要看現實發生了什麽樣的情況。我也親眼見證了中國在過去五年當中,在各大醫院,在器官捐獻方面取得的巨大的進展。所以,即便有謠言,我們也沒有必要去聽它。”

J. R. Núñez(a World Health Organization (WHO) officer who oversees global organ transplantation):"Rumors are rumors. It will happen in any country and region in the world. The purpose of rumor disseminators may be different. But we don't need to listen to rumor. What really matters is what happens in reality. I have also witnessed the great progress made in organ donation in China in the past five years. So, even if there's a rumor, we don't have to listen to it."

“中國經驗”受到國際器官移植權威機構專家盛贊

The "Chinese experience" is highly praised by experts from the international organ transplant authorities

謠言止于智者。一個公開透明、科學公正、遵循倫理、符合國情和傳統文化的中國人體器官捐獻和移植工作體系正在逐步建立和完善。器官捐獻的中國經驗立足于中國國情,符合世界衛生組織的指導原則,得到了國際社會的高度認可。

The rumor will be stopped by the wise. An open, transparent, scientific, ethical and fair system for human organ donation and transplantation in China is being gradually established and improved, which is in line with China's national conditions and traditional culture. The Chinese experience in organ donation is in line with the guidelines of the World Health Organization, and highly recognized by the international community.

“器官移植中國經驗的最大特點是中國政府的強力支持,是許多國家應該參照的典範。”這番話來自于世界衛生組織(WHO)器官移植特别工作委員會主席弗朗西斯·德爾莫尼克。

"The biggest feature of the Chinese experience in organ transplantation is the strong support from the Chinese government, which is an example that many countries should follow." These words were from Francis Delmonico, Chairman of organ transplantation task force of WHO.

2007年5月,國務院頒布了《人體器官移植條例》。2011年,《中華人民共和國刑法修正案(八)》中明确将人體器官買賣作爲嚴重的刑事犯罪,爲打擊相關違法犯罪行爲提供了法律保障。2015年以來,中國公民自願捐獻成爲器官移植來源的唯一合法途徑。目前,中國已走出一條體現國際慣例、符合中國實際的器官捐獻與移植道路,初步建立起科學公正、遵循倫理、符合國情和文化的人體器官捐獻與移植工作體系。

In May 2007, the state council promulgated the Human Organ Transplantation Regulations. In 2011, the Amendment (viii) of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China made it clear that the organ trafficking was a serious criminal crime, providing legal guarantee for cracking down relevant illegal and criminal acts. Since 2015, voluntary donations by Chinese citizens have been the only legal source of organ transplants. At present, China has embarked on a path of organ donation and transplantation that according to international practices and conforms to China's reality, and has initially established a scientific, fair, ethical system of human organ donation and transplantation.

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

對此,世衛組織器官移植項目主任何塞·努涅斯在會上表示:“中國器官移植領域改革在短期内取得令人矚目的成就,中國經驗可以作爲整個亞洲地區乃至全球的示範。”國際移植協會(TTS)前任主席南希·埃舍爾強調:“中國經驗中最重要的條件有兩方面,強有力的政府領導與完善的醫療保障體系。”

J. R. Núñez, a World Health Organization (WHO) officer who oversees global organ transplantation, told in the meeting: "China's organ transplant reform has achieved remarkable results in a short period of time, and China's experience can serve as a model for the entire Asian region and the world." "The most prominent features in the Chinese experience are two things: strong government leadership and a sound health care insurance system," Nancy Asher, immediate Past President of TTS notes.

剛剛發布的《中國器官移植發展報告》顯示,從2015年到2018年,我國每年完成器官捐獻分别爲2766、4080、5146、6302例,增長迅速,2018年捐獻數量位居世界第二位。通過中國人體器官分配計算機系統,将患者病情緊急程度和器官匹配程度等醫學指标作爲分配器官資源的唯一準則,保障器官分配科學透明公平公正。

According to the latest data, from 2015 to 2018, the number of organ donations completed in China each year was 2766、4080、5146、6302, with a rapid growth, and the number of organ donations in 2018 ranked second in the world. With the help of the Chinese Organ Transplant Response System, medical indicators such as the severity of patients' illness and the matching degree of organs are taken as the only criteria for the allocation of donated organs, so as to ensure the scientific, transparent and fair allocation of organs.

△剛剛發布的《中國器官移植發展報告》。

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

“雖然中國起步晚于一些國家,但現在中國人體器官分配計算機系統足可以成爲世界楷模。”巴塞羅那大學醫學院教授馬蒂·曼亞裏奇如此評價。

"Although China started later than some countries, the Chinese Organ Transplant Response System is now a model for the world",  M. Manyalich, President of DTI said.

在會後接受媒體采訪時,梵蒂岡教皇科學院院長馬塞洛·索龍多表示,梵蒂岡教皇科學院非常欣賞中國經驗,非常認可中國尊重器官捐獻者、尊重生命的态度。

In an interview by the media after the meeting, M. Sánchez Sorondo, Bishop&Chancellor, PAS said the Vatican's Pontifical Academy of Science greatly appreciated Chinese experience and highly acknowledge China’s attitude of respecting organ donors and life.

據悉,爲縮短人體捐獻器官轉運時間,減少因轉運環節對器官移植質量安全影響,保障患者生命安全,國家衛生健康委等部門于2016年5月印發了《關于建立人體捐獻器官轉運綠色通道的通知》。綠色通道建立3年以來,器官轉運時間平均縮短1至1.5小時,我國器官全國共享率總體上升7.3%,器官利用率提升6.7%,捐獻器官共享半徑大大擴展,數以千計的終末期器官衰竭患者得到救治機會。

It is reported that in order to shorten the transfer time of donated human organs, reduce the impact of the transfer process on the quality and safety of organ transplantation, and ensure the safety of patients' lives, the National Health Commission and other departments issued the Announcement on Establishing a Green Channel for Transferring of Donated Human Organs in May 2016. Since the establishment of the green channel three years ago, the transfer time of organs has been shortened by an average of 1 to 1.5 hours, the overall organ sharing rate in China has increased by 7.3%. The utilization rate of organs has increased by 6.7%. The sharing distance of donated organs has been greatly expanded, and thousands of patients with end-stage organ failure have been cured.

中外權威人士駁斥器官移植謠言

在技術方面,我國器官移植手術操作技術不斷改進創新,部分達到世界先進水平。國際上已開展的器官移植我國均已開展,部分器官移植技術實現突破,國際領跑,如自體肝移植技術、無缺血器官移植技術、兒童肝髒移植技術等。

In terms of technique, the surgical technique of organ transplantation in China has been constantly improved and innovated, in some field, reached the world advanced level. Organ transplantation has been carried out in China, and some organ transplantation technologies have achieved breakthroughs, leading the international level, such as autologous liver transplantation, non-ischemic organ transplantation, and pediatric liver transplantation.

德國移植協會前任主席比約恩·納山表示:“中國同行勤奮刻苦并樂于學習。我看到中國在器官移植領域的健康發展并爲推動這一發展所作出的巨大努力。”

"Our Chinese counterparts are diligent and willing to learn,"  Bjorn Nashan, Past President, German Transplantation Society said. "I see China's healthy development in the field of organ transplantation and the tremendous efforts it has made to improve the development.

可以期待,在不久的将來,中國器官移植模式将引領世界器官移植事業攀上新高峰,那些沒有事實根據的抹黑都将煙消雲散。


作者:不详 来源:网络